Protests in Uzbek autonomous region over constitution reform plan

Uzbekistan is planning to hold a constitutional referendum that no longer mentions Karakalpakstan’s sovereignty or right to secession.

Rare public protests have broken out in Uzbekistan’s Karakalpakstan autonomous republic over a planned constitutional reform that would change its status, Uzbek authorities say.

Karakalpakstan, that enjoys close ties with Russia, occupies about two-fourths of western Uzbekistan. It is home to Karakalpaks, a distinct ethnic minority group that speaks one of the Turkic languages.

The current Uzbek constitution describes it as a sovereign republic that has the right to secede by holding a referendum.

Uzbekistan plans to hold a referendum in the coming months on a new version of the constitution, which would no longer mention Karakalpakstan’s sovereignty or right to secession.

According to Uzbekistan’s interior ministry, “as a result of misunderstanding the constitutional reforms”, a group of Karakalpakstan residents marched through its capital Nukus and held a rally at the city’s central market on Friday.

The government of Karakalpakstan said in a statement that protesters had tried to take over government buildings, prompting police to intervene and detain their leaders and those who put up active resistance.

Order was later restored in the province, which has a population of two million people, the authorities in Uzbekistan said.

Constitutional reforms

Changes concerning Karakalpakstan are part of broad constitutional reforms proposed by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, which also include strengthening civil rights and extending the presidential term to seven years from five.

If the referendum endorses the reform, it will reset Mirziyoyev’s term count and allow him to run for two more terms.

Mirziyoyev secured a second five-year term in October with a sweeping 80.1 percent of the vote.

Zayniddin Nizamkhodjaev, the election commission’s chairman, said the vote had adhered to democratic standards. But observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said that Mirziyoyev’s reform agenda had not yet resulted in a genuinely pluralistic environment.

The 64-year-old faced four contenders who were loyal to his government.

“While multiple candidates contested the election, there was no meaningful engagement with each other or with voters, and candidates refrained from challenging or criticising the incumbent,” the observation mission said in a statement.

It also noted “significant procedural irregularities” on election day, adding that “important safeguards were often disregarded during voting, counting and tabulation”.

Russian President Vladimir Putin was the first to congratulate Mirziyoyev on his re-election, calling him even before Uzbek election officials announced the preliminary results.

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