The development was a reversal from last month, when Spirit was said to have favoured JetBlue’s offer.
Spirit Airlines said Monday that it still supports Frontier Airlines’ $2.9bn takeover bid for the airline, saying it was more likely to win regulatory approval than JetBlue’s competing $3.6bn offer.
Spirit said antitrust regulators are unlikely to approve JetBlue’s offer because of JetBlue’s alliance with American Airlines in the Northeast, a deal that the US Department of Justice is suing to block.
“We struggle to understand how JetBlue can believe” that the Justice Department or a court would let JetBlue strike a deal with American, then buy Spirit, eliminating the nation’s largest low-cost airline, the Spirit board said in a letter to JetBlue directors.
JetBlue rejected Spirit’s view, especially after promising last week to make concessions designed to assure regulatory approval of its offer. JetBlue’s CEO seemed to raise the possibility of a hostile takeover bid.
Shares of Spirit, based in Miramar, Florida in the United States, sank more than 8 percent in afternoon trading. New York-based JetBlue’s stock gained 1 percent, while shares of Denver-based Frontier fell 4 percent.
The development was a reversal from last month, when Spirit said that after speaking with financial and legal advisers, its directors believed JetBlue’s offer could “reasonably” turn out to be the better of the two deals.
Spirit said its board continues to back the bid made by Frontier in February and views it as the best way to maximize value. The airline anticipates a deal with Frontier closing in the second half of the year.
The JetBlue-American cooperative venture in Boston and New York, called the Northeast Alliance or NEA, was opposed by Spirit and other competitors long before Frontier’s February bid to buy Spirit.
JetBlue tried to satisfy regulatory concerns by offering to divest Spirit’s airport gates and takeoff and landing slots in New York and Boston and maybe in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. However, Spirit’s board said Monday that the revised offer is unlikely to appease regulators because the revised offer still “makes clear that JetBlue is unwilling to terminate” the partnership with American.
A Spirit-Frontier merger would combine the nation’s two largest budget airlines and create the number-five US carrier. While Spirit and Frontier are similar “ultra low-cost” carriers, JetBlue operates on a business model that is more like the big four — American, Delta, United and Southwest. JetBlue would absorb Spirit and eliminate a budget airline that regulators believe helps keep ticket prices lower.
JetBlue on Monday repeated the argument that its offer is better for Spirit shareholders: It would pay them $33 per share in cash compared with Frontier’s cash-and-stock offer worth $22.42 per share, and JetBlue’s offer was sweetened to include a $200m breakup fee if the deal falters.
“We hope the Spirit board will now recognise that ours is clearly a superior proposal and engage with us more constructively than they have to date,” said JetBlue CEO Robin Hayes.
Hayes was far more blunt, even threatening, throughout a five-page letter last week to Spirit Chairman Mac Gardner and CEO Ted Christie. Hayes wrote that his airline’s divestment promises should comfort Spirit leadership about JetBlue’s ability to win antitrust approval.
“While we would unquestionably prefer to negotiate a transaction with you, if you continue to refuse to constructively engage with us so that we can deliver this value to your stockholders, we are actively considering all other options available to us,” Hayes wrote.
Frontier CEO Barry Biffle said last week that regulatory review of a Frontier-Spirit combination “is already well under way and many months ahead of any alternative”.
When an analyst pressed Biffle on why Frontier hasn’t campaigned more aggressively and publicly for its bid, he said, “We have been pretty clear” about how Frontier views the benefits of its offer. “I don’t think we have to keep repeating it,” Biffle said.