The social worker said he didn’t wear a mask or gloves as he gave funeral rites for more than 200 Covid victims on the banks of the sacred River Sarayu in northern Uttar Pradesh state — it wouldn’t have been what God wanted, he said.
“Those months were really devastating,” he added.
But he doesn’t blame the state’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for the Covid outbreak that many say was worsened by a slow government response — and it didn’t cost the party his vote in the state elections, which reports results on March 10.
Despite the Covid crisis, experts say Adityanath has religion on his side — he’s pushing a Hindu-first agenda in a state with an 80% Hindu population. And that appeals to people like Mishra.
The social worker doesn’t hold the government responsible for Covid deaths — he blames lower-level officials who he says didn’t follow government policy. He says he’s voting for Adiyanath in this election for a very simple reason.
“That was their main goal.”
An unforgiving wave of infections
The same day, hundreds of miles away in the city of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, Harshit Srivastava, 32, was experiencing “the worst day of my life.”
In truth, it started days before when his 65-year-old father Vinay started showing Covid symptoms. Fighting back tears, Harshit recalls how he drove to dozens of hospitals, begging for a spare bed, oxygen and medical care for his father.
As his oxygen levels dropped dangerously low, Vinay tweeted for help, tagging the Chief Minister Adityanath and other state officials. Citizens and journalists amplified his tweet, imploring officials to provide assistance. But none came.
“As a son, I had hoped we’d find a way to get help. But my father had no faith (in the government). He was sure nothing would happen,” Harshit, a stock trader, said.
Five years later, the BJP faces a strong challenge from the opposing Samajwadi Party led by the 48-year-old former chief minister, Akhilesh Yadav.
“This election is very close,” said Rahul Verma from India’s Centre for Policy Research. “The BJP, owing to its massive 2017 victory, has some advantages. But the Samajwadi Party has managed to mount up a very effective campaign against the BJP (with its) mismanagement during Covid.”
Once a staunch supporter of the BJP, Srivastava says he’s no longer interested in casting a vote.
“I will not vote for anyone in this election,” he told CNN last month. “They tell lies. They make temples for promotion, and give the poor money sometimes. They took everything I had from me.”
A bastion of the Hindu-right
The appointment of Adityanath, a Hindu priest, indicated to some experts that the BJP’s Hindutva ideology — which strives to make secular India the land of the Hindus — far outweighed the party’s commitment to economic development in the state.
Zoya Hasan, a political scientist and fellow at the Indian Council of Social Science Research, said Adityanath’s appointment “was a very deliberate choice to signal the BJP’s Hindutva agenda.”
“Uttar Pradesh is very important for the BJP, not just because of its sheer size, but because it is a principal Hindutva laboratory,” said Hasan. “Let’s not forget that the three most important Hindu shrines are located here. Yogi (Adityanath) is trying his best to promote Hindu and Muslim polarization.”
Adityanath is known for his provocative rhetoric against Muslims.
Adityanath’s cabinet members have denied allegations they are promoting Hindu nationalism, and that they mishandled the pandemic, saying they have brought millions out of poverty through economic reform.
While the state’s unemployment rate is unclear due to millions working in the informal sector, government statistics show it has grown since 2017.
“BJP’s poll agenda was, is and will always be development,” Dinesh Sharma, the state’s Deputy Chief Minister, told CNN. “We will ensure law and order across the state. We will ensure the poor have water, food and electricity. And we promise the welfare of farmers.”
A promise for Hindu temples
In August 2020, eight months before Uttar Pradesh was devastated by India’s second Covid wave, Modi laid a foundation stone for the construction of a Hindu temple in the holy city of Ayodhya.
After Hindu extremists destroyed the Babri Masjid in 1992, more than 2,000 people — mostly Muslims — were killed in nationwide rioting, some of the worst violence seen in India since independence.
Thirty years later, the people of Ayodhya are pushing for more temples to be built, and local priest Seer Pawan Kumar Sad Shastri says he knows which way the city’s population of nearly 2.5 million will vote.
“The people in Ayodhya will only vote for (devout Hindus),” he said.
Whether it’s enough to give the BJP and Adityanath another term in office remains to be seen.
According to Verma, from India’s Centre for Policy Research, the BJP is counting on a “mixed strategy” of economic reform — attracting investment, supporting small businesses and creating new jobs — and religious polarization.
“They are pivoting more to their ideological beliefs,” Verma said, adding this rhetoric energizes Adityanath’s “core base” of right-wing Hindu voters.
In recent years, there have been numerous reports of extrajudicial killings and violent reprisals from state law enforcement. But Shastri says Adityanath has done a good job in maintaining law and order.
In December 2019 the state imposed a colonial-era law banning public gatherings following clashes during a protest against India’s Citizenship Amendment Act that would give immigrants from three neighboring countries a pathway to citizenship — except for Muslims.
“Our next mission is constructing grand temples for our Gods in other holy cities,” Shastri said.
But Srivastava, who lost his father in the second wave, says no amount of temples could ever bring back his father — he wants the government to acknowledge its failure to reduce Covid deaths.
“I want to ask Yogi to put his hand on his heart and ask himself if he has done the right thing,” he said.
“Lord Ram doesn’t need a temple as much as the country needs a proper government.”